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VFD Information for Veterinarians
What is the veterinarian's role in the VFD process?
It is the veterinarian's responsibility to verify that a valid veterinarian-client-patient relationship (VCPR) with the client receiving the VFD exists.

For more information about the FDA's VCPR requirements, click here.

The veterinarian must also write a lawful VFD and ensure that the VFD is written correctly and the required information is included on the VFD.

Lastly, the veterinarian is primarily responsible for distributing copies of the VFD to the correct parties and maintaining records for a minimum of two years.

In order for a VFD to be lawful, the veterinarian issuing the VFD must:
  • Be licensed to practice veterinary medicine
  • Be operating in the course of the veterinarian's professional practice and in compliance with all applicable veterinary licensing and practice requirements
  • Write VFD orders in the context of a veterinarian-client-patient relationship (VCPR)
  • Only issue a VFD that is in compliance with the conditions for use approved, conditionally approved, or indexed for the VFD drug or combination VFD drug
  • Prepare a written (non-verbal) that includes the veterinarian's electronic or written signature
  • Ensure the VFD includes all required information specified in the VFD regulation
  • Include certain drug-specific information for each VFD drug when the veterinarian is authorizing the use of a drug combination that includes more than one VFD drug
  • For VFD drugs approved for use alone or in combination with one or more OTC drugs, must include on the VFD order an affirmation of intent either to restrict authorized use only to the VFD drug cited on the VFD or to allow the use of the cited VFD drug in an approved combination with one or more OTC drug(s)
  • Provide the distributor with a copy of the VFD order
  • Provide the client with a copy of the VFD order
  • Retain the original VFD for 2 years
  • Provide VFD orders for inspection and copying by FDA upon request
What does professional supervision mean?
The veterinarian-client-patient relationship (VCPR) is the basis of professional supervision required for a VFD to be initiated.
  • Veterinarians who issue a VFD order must practice veterinary medicine in compliance with all applicable veterinary licensing and practice requirements, including issuing the VFD in the context of a VCPR as defined by the state.
  • If applicable VCPR requirements as defined by such state do not include the key elements of a valid VCPR as defined by Federal law, the veterinarian must issue the VFD in the context of a valid VCPR as defined by the Federal law.
For more information about the FDA's VCPR requirements, click here for the FDA's VFD Requirements for Veterinarians or here for information about whether the State or Federal VCPR definition applies in your state.

VFD-Requirements

What is an affirmation of intent?
The veterinarian may expand or limit the use of a VFD drug along with OTC animal drug(s) and/or fly control products in an approved combination(s), as appropriate, by stating the affirmation of intent on the VFD order.

"This VFD only authorizes the use of the VFD drug(s) cited in this order and is not intended to authorize the use of such drug(s) in combination with any other animal drugs."
  • This statement will prevent the producer from being able to use any other drugs or fly control products in combination with the drug for which the VFD has been issued
"This VFD authorizes the use of the VFD drug(s) cited in this order in the following FDA-approved, conditionally approved or indexed combination(s) in medicated feed that contains the VFD drug(s) as a component."
  • The veterinarian must specifically identify the drug(s) or fly control products that the producer can use in combination as long as the combination is legal
"This VFD only authorizes the use of the VFD drug(s) cited in this order any FDA-approved, conditionally approved or indexed combination(s) in medicated feed that contains the VFD drug(s) as a component."
  • This statement will allow the producer to use the drug for which the VFD has been issued in any legal combination with a non-VFD drug and/or fly control product
Extra-label Use
A veterinarian cannot write a VFD for an animal species, claim, or duration of use that is not approved by the FDA; "extra-label use" of a VFD drug is prohibited.

Examples of extra-label use include:
  • Feeding the VFD-medicated feed for any other purpose than what's listed on the product label and VFD form
  • Feeding the animals the VFD feed for longer than the duration of use stated on the product label
  • Feeding a VFD feed that has been formulated with a drug level that is different from what's specified on the label
  • Feeding the VFD feed to an animal species that is different from what is specified on the label
What else should a veterinarian know about the VFD process?
The veterinarian must send a copy of the VFD to the client hard copy, facsimile (fax), or other electronic means.

If in hard copy, you are required to send the copy of the VFD to the distributor either directly or through the client.

If the VFD is not lawful, the VFD order may not be filled by the distributor.

What records is a veterinarian required to keep?
The veterinarian must retain the original VFD in its original form (electronic or hard copy) for at least 2 years.

For more information: FDA's VFD Requirements for Veterinarians page
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